The Martyr Polychronius the Presbyter was the son of a landowner, raised with a love for work and in Christian piety. Reaching maturity, Polychronius left his parents' home for Constantinople and began to work for one of the rich vineyard owners.

The vineyard owner was amazed at the youth's love for toil and the ascetic life. For his fine work the saint received much money, with which he built a church. Soon he was ordained to the priesthood. According to Tradition, St Polychronius participated in the First Ecumenical Council. He was martyred by Arian heretics at the altar of the church (4th Century).